070208 Question Sheet 3 - Chapter 3

070208 Question Sheet 3 - Chapter 3 - 1 830:311H...

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830:311H CONDITIONING AND LEARNING Question Sheet 3, Chapter 3 Terms : psychic reflex classical conditioning Sn, CS, CR, US, UR interstimulus interval (ISI) inhibition of delay appetitive conditioning aversive conditioning stimulus substitution contiguity contingency (positive, negative) autoshaping CER (conditioned emotional response) conditioned suppression suppression ratio excitatory conditioning excitatory context inhibitory conditioning bidirectional responding Cole, Barnat and Miller (1997) summation test compound-stimulus test retardation-of-acquisition test neophobia taste aversion conditioning sensoru preconditioning higher-order conditioning blocking Essay : 1. What is latent learning and why is it theoretically significant? Latent inhibition is what happens when the test subject has been exposed to the CS prior to being condition to associate it with the US. Being pre-exposed to the CS reduces how quickly the association is learned, and the more exposure to it, the more interference that occurs The subject must pay attention to the CS for conditioning to occur, but habituation may preempt conditioning, as the CS is no longer a novel stimulus. This is theoretically significant because it means that we are less likely to associate familiar stimuli with novel traumatic events I always see that box on those steps. The building exploded. Must have been a gas leak, and not a bomb. 2. What is the basic classical conditioning paradigm? Biologically significant stimuli elicit certain behaviors unconditionally of environmental factors. Lead to the term “unconditional stimulus” Because Pavlov’s dog drooled unconditionally of the experiment, the drooling is an “unconditional response” If the stimulus depends on the experiment, and the control of the response is conditional, the stimulus is conditional, as is the response with regard to the stimulus. When a neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with the US repeatedly, it eventually becomes the CS, but only after it begins to elicit the CR without the US. CR is not exactly like UR, it is either a weaker or initial component of it.
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2008 for the course PSYCH 311 taught by Professor Rovee-collier during the Spring '06 term at Rutgers.

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070208 Question Sheet 3 - Chapter 3 - 1 830:311H...

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