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Unformatted text preview: Ch 4: Coming to Terms
Ch 4: No universally accepted definition for leisure
Most descriptions can be categorized in one of two categories:
Quantitative and Qualitative (pg 42) Quantitative attempts to define leisure Quantitative in terms of discretionary time or by activities engaged in during free time. PROBLEMS WITH free time too simplistic. Plus, once you commit yourself to a course of action, a block of time ceases to be “free” time; it becomes scheduled time. Free time exists only when your options remain open. free time is misleading.
discretionary time ignores a fundamental truth: free time in and of itself is value free. Time is nothing more than the period during which something occurs and it is the something that determines the value we place on the time in question. If leisure is something of value and free time is value free, leisure and free time cannot be one and the same. (pg. 43) Qualitative addresses the deeper issues Qualitative and tends to view leisure as a complex of emotions, attitudes, and personal values. Ancient Greece: It was believed that through leisure an individual could come closest to achieving his/her intellectual and spiritual potential. It was not merely time, not just an activity engaged in without compulsion, but rather an activity leading to selfimprovement and personal growth. (pg. 4344) More on Qualitative definition
More on Qualitative definition emphasis on the individual
rather than stressing certain activities, focuses on the emotional response produced by the activities
This approach is superior recognizes that leisure potential not only differs from activity to activity, but from person to person. Neulinger views leisure as a Neulinger views leisure as a function of two psychological constructs: perceived freedom and intrinsic motivation. What is perceived freedom?
What is perceived freedom? A state in which a person feels that what he is doing, he is doing by choice and desire. What is intrinsic What is intrinsic motivation?
Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic If the satisfaction gained stems from the activity and not from a payoff or consequence there from, the behavior is judged to be intrinsically motivated.
If the activity itself is not the reward but only leads to a reward, then the activity is seen as extrinsically motivated. Casual Leisure vs. Serious Casual Leisure vs. Serious Leisure What’s the difference? What’s the difference?
Take a moment to think about your leisure profile. Can you find an example of serious leisure in your life? Do you engage in any hobbies, have amateur standing in a certain field, or regularly practice volunteerism? What benefits do you think might occur to people who engage in serious leisure?
What problems might associate with serious leisure? “Pleisure” (a term coined by Dr. Carol Stensrud by combining “pleasure” and “leisure”) is a block of time characterized by opportunities to experience delight, or a state of mind delighting in feelings of satisfaction and freedom. (pg.48) “Play” regarded as an activity engaged in spontaneously and driven by intrinsic motivation. may be of very short term duration, but it is always marked by a sense of freedom, frivolity and fun. may occur during work or recreation. It may produce leisure. central to the good things in life. (pg.49) “Recreation” viewed as activity engaged in for the fun and restorative value associated with it. Play is distinguished from Play is distinguished from recreation:
No facilities/ equipment
Seldom organized or sponsored
Goal free Recreation Planned for
Usually requires both
Usually sponsored by a public or commercial agency
Usually involves goals Games
Games “…a transaction between two or more people in which a sought after goal exists and can be achieved only in certain prescribed ways, and which is generally performed because of recreational values.” Characteristics of games: involve two or more people.
require rules and prescribed behaviors.
usually require certain equipment and activity sites.
involve a certain degree of competition.
played for fun; not taken too seriously. (pg. 50) ...
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- Spring '11