Social_Psychology_Exam_Modules_43_45 - Name: _ Date: _ 1....

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Name: __________________________ Date: _____________ 1. The tendency for observers to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal dispositions on another's behavior is called: A) the bystander effect. B) the fundamental attribution error. C) role-playing. D) the mere exposure effect. 2. Feelings, often based on our beliefs, that predispose us to respond in particular ways to objects, people, and events are called: A) roles. B) norms. C) attitudes. D) attributions. 3. The tendency for initial compliance with a small request to facilitate subsequent compliance with a larger request is known as: A) the mere exposure effect. B) the fundamental attribution error. C) cognitive dissonance. D) the foot-in-the-door phenomenon. 4. The participants in Philip Zimbardo's simulated prison study: A) were assigned the roles of prisoner or guard on the basis of their personality test scores. B) found it very difficult to play the role of prison guard. C) were so endangered by their role-playing experience that the study was discontinued. D) became a cohesive unit when they pursued superordinate goals. 5. Feeling responsible for behavior that violates our conscience is most likely to contribute to: A) the bystander effect. B) cognitive dissonance. C) the fundamental attribution error. D) group solidarity. Page 1
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illustrates: A) group polarization. B) the mere exposure effect. C) the bystander effect. D) the chameleon effect. 7. Solomon Asch asked people to identify which of three comparison lines was identical to a standard line. His research was designed to study: A) the mere exposure effect. B) the fundamental attribution error. C) social facilitation. D) conformity. 8. Conformity resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval is said to be a response to: A) social scripts. B) social facilitation. C) normative social influence. D) informational social influence. 9. Conformity resulting from the acceptance of others' opinions about reality is said to be a response to: A) group polarization. B) social facilitation. C) informational social influence. D) normative social influence. 10. In Milgram's first study of obedience, the majority of “teachers” who were ordered to shock a “learner”: A) refused to deliver even slight levels of shock. B) initially complied but refused to deliver more than slight levels of shock. C) complied until ordered to deliver intense levels of shock. D) complied fully and delivered the highest level of shock. 11. When the participants in Milgram's study were later surveyed about taking part in the research, most reported that they: A) did not believe they were actually delivering shock to the “learner.” B) had actually enjoyed shocking the “learner.” C) did not regret taking part in the experiment. D)
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course ECON 898 taught by Professor White during the Spring '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Social_Psychology_Exam_Modules_43_45 - Name: _ Date: _ 1....

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