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Unformatted text preview: Malaria and its Management Malaria is the most deadly vector-borne disease in the world. Although typically an illness of tropical regions of the world, more than 1500 cases are diagnosed in the US each year. In some parts of the world, malaria is known as paludism (paludismo). Blackwater fever refers to the dark urine sometimes seen as a result of severe red blood cell (RBC) hemolysis from malaria. At least 10 of the more than 200 parasitic protozoa species of the genus Plasmodium can cause human malaria , including P ovale, P vivax, P malariae, P knowlesi, and P falciparum. P falciparum causes the most severe morbidity and mortality. The emergency physician should have a high index of suspicion if a history of fever is accompanied by suggestive symptoms in a patient with a history of travel to an endemic region. Failure to consider malaria in the differential of a febrile illness following such travel, even if seemingly temporally remote, can result in significant morbidity or mortality, especially in...
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course ENG 101 taught by Professor Dr.hickenbottom during the Spring '10 term at West Liberty.
- Spring '10