ling 1_syntax ii_5-24-18.pdf - LING 1 Syntax 2 Intro Constituency 1 Announcements Homework 4 has been posted to CCLE It\u2019s due on Sunday May 27th at

ling 1_syntax ii_5-24-18.pdf - LING 1 Syntax 2 Intro...

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Syntax 2 Intro, Constituency LING 1 1
Announcements Homework 4 has been posted to CCLE. It’s due on Sunday, May 27 th at 11:59PM. Additional data for the Turkish problem: [bæk] ‘vase’ [bækler] ‘vases’ I have added this data into the homework on CCLE.
Constituency Tests Pronoun Replacement Do so/too Replacement Stand Alone Movement: Fronting
4 Syntax: constituency tests Fronting -- One way to use movement to test for constituency is to move a group of words to the beginning (or front) of the sentence. If the sentence is grammatical and has the same basic meaning, then the moved chunk is a constituent. ( Note: Adding some form of the verb do to the end of the sentence is okay, and is sometimes helpful.) Successful Fronting: Peter has pickled hot peppers in the kitchen Hot peppers, Peter has pickled _____ in the kitchen In the kitchen, Peter has pickled hot peppers ______
5 Constituency Tests: Fronting Successful Fronting: Jane might chase the bluebirds tomorrow The bluebirds, Jane might chase ________ tomorrow Chase the bluebirds tomorrow, Jane might ________ Failed Fronting : * Bluebirds tomorrow , Jane might chase the ______ * Chase the , Jane might _______ bluebirds tomorrow
More on Fronting Remember that fronting examples may sound strange out of the blue. They need context: A: Peter said that he has eaten hot peppers B: Really? A: (Indeed,) eaten hot peppers he has! (test sentence) Conclusion: eaten hot peppers is a constituent. 6
7 Syntax: constituency tests Clefting involves breaking up a sentence and feeding it into the following formula. (Again, adding do is okay.) It is/was (insert group of words you wish to test) that (rest of sentence). It is/was_____________ that_______________ Successful Clefting: The girl ran in the rain It was in the rain that the girl ran It was the girl that ran in the rain
8 Syntax: constituency tests Failed Clefting: The girl ran in the rain * It was girl ran that the in the rain
9 Syntax: practice Where are t