AnnouncementsHomework 4 has been posted to CCLE.It’s due on Sunday, May 27that 11:59PM.Additional data for the Turkish problem:[bæk] ‘vase’[bækler] ‘vases’I have added this data into the homework on CCLE.
4Syntax: constituency testsFronting-- One way to use movement to test for constituency is to move a group of words to the beginning (or front) of the sentence. If the sentence is grammatical and has the same basic meaning, then the moved chunk is a constituent. (Note: Adding some form of the verb doto the end of the sentence is okay, and is sometimes helpful.)Successful Fronting:Peter has pickled hot peppers in the kitchenHot peppers, Peter has pickled _____ in the kitchenIn the kitchen, Peter has pickled hot peppers ______
5Constituency Tests: FrontingSuccessful Fronting:Jane might chase the bluebirds tomorrow The bluebirds,Jane might chase ________ tomorrowChase the bluebirds tomorrow,Jane might ________Failed Fronting:*Bluebirds tomorrow, Jane might chase the ______*Chase the, Jane might _______ bluebirds tomorrow
More on FrontingRemember that fronting examples may sound strange out of the blue. They need context:A: Peter said that he has eaten hot peppers B: Really?A: (Indeed,) eaten hot peppers he has! (test sentence)Conclusion: eaten hot peppers is a constituent.6
7Syntax: constituency testsCleftinginvolves breaking up a sentence and feeding it into the following formula. (Again, adding dois okay.)It is/was(insert group of words you wish to test) that(rest of sentence).It is/was_____________ that_______________Successful Clefting:The girl ran in the rainIt was in the rainthat the girl ranIt was the girl that ran in the rain
8Syntax: constituency testsFailed Clefting:The girl ran in the rain*It was girl ranthatthe in the rain