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36798447-Leadership

36798447-Leadership - LEADERSHIP CHAPTER OUTLINE Leadership...

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LEADERSHIP CHAPTER OUTLINE Leadership Definition of Leadership Need for Leadership Patterns of Organizational Leadership Traits In Search of Leadership Physical Traits Intelligence Personality Traits Leader Behaviors Authoritarian, Democratic, and Laissez-Faire Leadership Initiating Structure and Consideration Production-centered and Employee - centered Leader Behaviors Managerial Grids Situational Leadership Situational Leadership Model Contingency Theory of Leadership Path-Goal Model Normative Decision-Making Model of Leadership Determinants of Leadership Effectiveness Choosing a Leadership Style Strategies for Improving Leadership Reciprocal Influence of Leader and Follower LEARNING OBJECTIVES After studying this chapter you should be able to: 1. Explain the difference between management and leadership and identify some of the major personal traits associated with leadership. 2. Explain the limitations of using personal traits to understand leadership. 4. Identify some of the major situational factors influencing leadership and explain how they influence group performance. 5. List and describe the major variables that determine the appropriate leadership style. 6. Explain some of the strategies for improving leadership effectiveness. 3. Identify and describe the two major leadership behaviors that occur within a group.
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LEE JACOCCA: AN AMERICAN LEGEND Lee Iacocca, the son of Italian immigrants, rose spectacularly through the ranks of Ford Motor Company to become its president, only to be toppled eight years later in a power struggle with Henry Ford II. After being fired from Ford, however, he immediately went to Chrysler Corporation and led that company back from the brink of financial disaster by convincing the United States government to provide Chrysler with a $1.2 billion loan guarantee. Iacocca has been heralded as the epitome of an effective modern leader by the authors of a book about leaders. He provided the leadership to transform a company from bankruptcy to success. He created a vision of success and mobilized large factions of key employees to align behind that vision. Almost exclusively because of Iacocca’s leadership, by 1983 Chrysler made a pro6t, boosted employee morale, and helped employees generate a sense of meaning in their work. He empowered them. In Fact, we believe that Iacocca’s high visibility symbolizes the missing element in management today his style of leadership is central to organizational successful. Because of his success in rescuing Chrysler and the highly visible role he played in restoring the Statue of Liberty, Iacocca became a media celebrity and an American folk hero. During the 1988 presidential campaign, many People urged him to run for the presidency. Public opinion polls confirmed his popularity and showed that he was a viable political candidate until he withdrew himself by saying, ‘And if drafted, [shall not run.’ 2 Lee Iacocca is described as a big man with an imposing presence. He stands 6’1” and weighs 194 pounds. His facial features and personal mannerisms have led one author to describe him as a
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