Preparing the Nation for World War ISelective Service Act: A law passed by Congress in 1917 to create a national draft. In May 1917, Congress passed the Selective Service Act, which created a national draft. The act required all men ages 21 to 30 to register for military service at local polling stations. This was the first time the U.S. government had established a draft before entering a war.War bonds: War bonds are debt securities issued by a government to finance military operationsand other expenditure in times of war. In practice, modern governments finance war by putting additional money into circulation, and the function of the bonds is to remove money from circulation and help to control inflation. Short-term loans that individual citizens made to the government that financed two-thirds of the war's cost.Espionage & Sedition Acts: In June 1917, Congress passed the Espionage Act. Congress passed the Sedition Act of 1918, which made it a federal offense to use "disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language" about the Constitution, the government, the American uniform, or the flag.