LS Body Mech - Module 5 Body Mechanics Learning Supplement Introduction ,easily,.Individuals .Mobilityisvitalto independence Prolongedinactivi

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Module 5 – Body Mechanics Learning Supplement Introduction:   § Mobility is the ability to move freely, easily, and purposefully in the environment. Individuals  must move to protect themselves from trauma and to meet their basic needs.  Mobility is vital to  independence.  § Prolonged inactivity can lead to physical and mental deterioration  § You will care for patients who are inactive from: Immobility Prescribed bed rest Critical illness Neurological damage Trauma Pain NURSING DIAGNOSIS: Some common nursing diagnoses related to the individual who is experiencing a problem with  physical mobility that will guide nursing care include: 1.  Impaired physical mobility related to: 2.  Risk for injury related to:
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3.  Activity intolerance related to: GOALS: The patient will:   1. 2. 3.   INTERVENTIONS Body Mechanics: Definition: Body mechanics is the use of the body in movement (lifting, bending, moving) and at rest.  It is  the efficient, coordinated, and safe effort of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems. Why Use :   Health care workers use proper body mechanics to: 1.  reduce fatigue 2.  Prevent injury 3.  Maintain balance 4.  Conserve energy
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Components of Body Mechanics : 1.  Center of Gravity – located in the pelvis, it is the point whre  the body’s mass is centered. 2.  Line of Gravity -- passes through the base of support or  center of gravity.  (The base of support includes the feet and  the distance between the feet). Both of these assist the body to maintain optimal balance and alignment.  Without this balance,  the center of gravity is displaced creating a risk for falling and receiving an injury.   Principles of Body Mechanics: 1.    Size up your load to determine whether you need help.  Know your abilities and limitations  when lifting or moving.  Get help or find an alternative method to move the patient. 2.    Push, pull, or roll objects rather than lift.  Since gravity exerts a downward force, it is easier to  push or pull an object than to lift it. 3.    Pulling is easier than pushing.  So pull patients toward you rather than push.  4.    The wider the base of support and the lower the center of gravity, the greater the stability.   You can lower your center of gravity by bending your knees You can widen the base of support by moving your feet apart
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course RNSG 1105 taught by Professor Cooper during the Spring '11 term at Austin Community College.

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LS Body Mech - Module 5 Body Mechanics Learning Supplement Introduction ,easily,.Individuals .Mobilityisvitalto independence Prolongedinactivi

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