Module 1- Introduction to Nursing Skills I
Chapter 1 and Chapter 7:
How would you define nursing?
How is nursing defined by various organizations?
Nursing is a profession of those who nourish, fosters, protects and who is prepared to care of
sick, injured, and aged people.
Nursing is a profession that focuses on the holistic person receiving healthcare services and
provides a unique contribution to the prevention of illness and maintenance of health.
Nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of individuals of all ages, families,
groups, and communities, sick or well and in all settings. Nursing includes the promotion of
health, prevention of illness, and the care of ill, disabled and dying people. Advocacy, promotion
of safe environment, research, participation in shaping health policy and in patient and health
systems management, and education are also key nursing roles.
What are the four broad aims of nursing?
1. to promote health, 2. to prevent illness, 3. to restore health,
4. to facilitate coping with
disability or death
Explain the four essential competencies that nurses use to provide safe care.
Cognitive skills: capable of thinking about the nature of things sufficiently to "make
sense" of the world and to grasp conceptually what is necessary to achieve valued goals
Technical skills: skills that enable a nurse to skillfully manipulate equipment in a manner
conducive to achieving a desired goal
Interpersonal skills: capable of establishing and maintaining caring relationships that
facilitate the achievement of valued
goals while simultaneously affirming the worth of
the participants in the relationship
Ethical/Legal skills: capable of conducting one's self in a manner consistent with a
personal moral code and professional role responsibilities
What does it mean that nursing is a profession?
What does it mean that nurses need to
Is nursing always portrayed as being professional?
Nursing is recognized increasingly as a profession based on the following criteria: -well defined
body of specific and unique knowledge,-strong service orientation, -recognized authority by a
professional group, -code of ethics, -professional organization that sets standards, -ongoing
(personal independence and the capacity to make moral decisions and act
What is the major focus of the following professional nursing organizations?
American Nurses Association – ANA:(professional organization for RNs) their primary
mission is to be involved in public education, clinical nursing standards, and lobbying
state and federal lawmakers to advance the profession of nursing.
National League of Nursing – NLN: