Module 8 Learning Guide

Module 8 Learning Guide - LearningGuide 1...

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Learning Guide Module 8 – Personal Hygiene 1. What are various factors that affect personal hygiene? Cultural / Religious, Developmental Stage, Health state/ illness, Personal Preference, Mobility,  Emotional state 2. What scheduled times might the nurse provide hygiene care? 3. What are the purposes of giving a bath and providing skin care? Cleansing the skin – reduction of infection a. Removes perspiration, bacteria, which minimizes skin irritation and reduces chance of  infection Stimulation of circulation b. Warm water and gentle strokes from distal to proximal  increase circulation and  promote venous return Improve self-image c. Promotes feeling of being refreshed, relaxed Reduction of body odors d. Especially in axillae and pubic areas Promotion of Range of Motion e. Movement of extremities while bathing 4. What is the advantage of the nurse having the opportunity to bathe the patient? Provides opportunity to develop a meaningful nurse-patient relationship  Provides opportunity for assessment of the patient including condition of patient,  psychosocial and learning needs. 5. When would the nurse choose to use a shower, tub bath, bed bath? 6. What assessments are important when providing back care?  Why do you massage the back?    7. In addition to promoting a sense of well-being, why is providing oral hygiene important? 8. How does the nurse provide denture care?  What is the most important safety measure? 9. How is oral hygiene different for the unconscious patient?  What is the risk factor?  How is safety  maintained?  
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Keeping the mouth open a. Use a padded tongue blade to open the patients mouth and separate the upper and  lower teeth b. Never place your hand in the patient’s mouth or open with your fingers.  Oral  stimulation often causes the biting –down reflex and serious injuries can occur. 10. What is the procedure for performing eye care?  Why do you wipe the eyes from inner to outer 
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