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Module 12 Learning Guide - 8 What is the mechanism of...

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Learning Guide Module 12 – Bowel Elimination and Enema Administration Chapter 38: 1. What is an enema? 2. What are the purposes of administering an enema? 3. How does an enema stimulate peristalsis? 4. What are common types of solutions used for a cleansing enema? 5. How does bowel distention occur?   6. What is the mechanism of action for a hypotonic enema?  Which way is the flow of  fluid?  Why does the fluid flow in this direction?  What is a major adverse effect of  giving this type of enema? 7. What is the mechanism of action for an isotonic enema?  Which way is the flow of  fluid?  Why does the fluid flow in this direction?  
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Unformatted text preview: 8. What is the mechanism of action for a hypertonic enema? Which way is the flow of fluid? Why does the fluid flow in this direction? What is a major adverse effect of giving this type of enema? 9. When is an oil retention enema utilized? How would you administer this enema? 10. Compare the procedure for administering a low volume enema and a high volume enema including similarities and differences. 11. What are the symptoms of a fecal impaction? 12. What measures are implemented in removal of the impacted stool?...
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