Patient ROM and positioning

Patient ROM and positioning - Abduction Abduction is...

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Abduction Abduction is movement away from the midline, or to abduct. Adduction Adduction is movement toward the midline, or to add. Flexion Flexion is to bend at a joint, or to reduce the angle. Extension Extension is to straighten at a joint, or to increase the angle, for example, from 90 degrees to 180 degrees. Medial Rotation Medial rotation is to turn inward.
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Lateral Rotation Lateral rotation is to turn outward. Supination Supination is to rotate the forearm so that the palm faces forward. Pronation Pronation is to rotate the forearm so that the palm faces backward.
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Patient ROM Exercises Head/Neck: A= Flexion of neck B= Extension of neck A B Rotation (turning head left and right) Lateral flexion (ear to shoulder) Shoulder: Flexion (entire arm up) Extension (entire arm back down)
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Abduction (arm away from the body) Adduction (arm back towards the body) Circumduction (arm out/move in a circle)
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external rotation (elbow bent/shoulder high-hand up) Internal rotation (elbow bent/shoulder high- hand down)
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Elbow: pronation (palm down) supination (palm up) flexion (bend elbow) extension (straighten elbow)
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Patient ROM and positioning - Abduction Abduction is...

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