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Module 7_Infection ans Inflammation_P2_Vocab

Module 7_Infection ans Inflammation_P2_Vocab - [Type text...

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[Type text] Module 7 – Infection & Inflammation, Part2 1 5. Assess for infection. (p. 507-8) Localized infection -look for main components (fever-may be low grade, redness- erythema, swelling-edema, pain, and heat). Often there is another component…loss of function. o Note pain of any kind (head, chest, abdominal, or extremities) o Increased nasal secretions or abnormal breath sounds indicate the possibility of respiratory infection. Systemic infection -those infections that progress to involve more than one organ system, are more difficult to treat and generally result in poorer outcomes, resulting from lack of treatment of localized infection. o Clients at risk are those of decreased primary defenses or inadequate secondary defenses. o Sign and symptoms affect the entire body which define a clinical syndrome that determines the diagnosis of infection (general malaise, fever, myalgia, arthralgia, and nonspecific GI symptoms-nauseas, vomiting, cramoing, or diarrhea) o GI symptoms can also indicate a localized infaction o Fever is not always present o If infection is unrecognized-can lead to dehydration, acidosis, septic shock, and possible death within a short period. o Septicemia -infection in the bloodstream may result from surgery or contaminated central venous catheters (client C/O tiredness, fever and also chills, sweats, myalgia, and arthralgia and also may C/O headache and stiff neck) UTI may be present if there is urinary frequency, urgency, and dysuria
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