Ch12 - Ch 12 Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ch 12 Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment The Principle of Punishment Punishment If, in a given situation, somebody does something that is immediately followed by a punisher, then that person is less likely to do the same thing again when he or she encounters a similar situation Punisher An event (stimulus), when presented immediately following a behavior, causes the behavior to decrease in frequency Punishers are sometimes referred to as aversives or aversive stimuli
Background image of page 2
Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment Types of punishers Pain-inducing punishers (unconditioned punishers, positive punisher) All punishment that activates pain receptors or other sense receptors that typically evoke feelings of discomfort Reprimands Strong verbal stimuli immediately contingent on behavior (conditioned punisher, positive punisher) Probably a conditioned punisher
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment Types of punishers Time Out Transferring an individual from a more reinforcing to a less reinforcing environment immediately following a particular behavior (negative punishment) Exclusionary time out Immediately remove the individual from the reinforcing environment Making the child stop playing with his peers and going to the time out room Nonexclusionary Introducing into the environment a stimulus associated with less reinforcement Making the child watch his peers play
Background image of page 4
Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment Types of punishers Response cost The removal of a specified amount of reinforcer immediately following a particular behavior Token fines Direct acting effect of punishment Is the decrease in probability of responding of the behavior the punisher follows Indirect acting effect Weakening of the response the punisher follow even though the punisher is delayed
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course PHY 205 taught by Professor Barlly during the Spring '11 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

Page1 / 20

Ch12 - Ch 12 Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online