Ch12 - Ch 12 Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ch 12 Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment The Principle of Punishment Punishment If, in a given situation, somebody does something that is immediately followed by a punisher, then that person is less likely to do the same thing again when he or she encounters a similar situation Punisher An event (stimulus), when presented immediately following a behavior, causes the behavior to decrease in frequency Punishers are sometimes referred to as aversives or aversive stimuli
Image of page 2
Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment Types of punishers Pain-inducing punishers (unconditioned punishers, positive punisher) All punishment that activates pain receptors or other sense receptors that typically evoke feelings of discomfort Reprimands Strong verbal stimuli immediately contingent on behavior (conditioned punisher, positive punisher) Probably a conditioned punisher
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment Types of punishers Time Out Transferring an individual from a more reinforcing to a less reinforcing environment immediately following a particular behavior (negative punishment) Exclusionary time out Immediately remove the individual from the reinforcing environment Making the child stop playing with his peers and going to the time out room Nonexclusionary Introducing into the environment a stimulus associated with less reinforcement Making the child watch his peers play
Image of page 4
Eliminating Inappropriate Behavior Through Punishment Types of punishers Response cost The removal of a specified amount of reinforcer immediately following a particular behavior Token fines Direct acting effect of punishment Is the decrease in probability of responding of the behavior the punisher follows Indirect acting effect Weakening of the response the punisher follow even though the punisher is delayed
Image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern