Ch18 - Ch18 Ch18 Capitalizing on Existing Capitalizing...

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Unformatted text preview: Ch18 Ch18 Capitalizing on Existing Capitalizing Stimulus Control: Modeling, Guidance, and Situational inducement inducement Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Modeling – A procedure whereby a sample of a given behavior is presented to an individual to induce that individual to engage in a similar behavior Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Factors likely to influence the effectiveness of modeling – Arrange for peers to be models • People are more likely to imitate someone who is similar to them in various ways – Symbolic modeling • Presentation of modeling through film, videotape, and other media Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Factors likely to influence the effectiveness of modeling – Show the behavior and its effects • Perceived competence of the model in obtaining the desired consequences influences effectiveness of model Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Factors likely to influence the effectiveness of modeling – Use multiple models • Multiple simultaneous models may be more effective than one model – Combine modeling with rules • Role rehearsal – Client practices certain behaviors in a setting to increase the likelihood those behaviors will occur in the natural environment Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Physical Guidance – The application of physical contact to induce an individual to go through the motions of the desired behavior Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Guidelines for using Physical Guidance – Make sure the learner is comfortable and relaxed while being touched • If the learner resists being guided, then, by definition physical guidance would be a restriction and may require special ethical review – Determine the stimuli you would like to control the behavior so they can be specifically obvious (associate with the guidance) Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Guidelines for using Physical Guidance – Consider using rules or cue words during guidance so that they may eventually control the behavior – Reinforcement should be given immediately after successful completion of the guided response Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Guidelines for using Physical Guidance – Guidance should be sequenced gradually from very easy to more difficult for the learner – Use fading as necessary so other stimuli can take control over the behavior Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Situational inducement – Influencing behavior by using situations and occasion that already exert control over behavior • Pleasing sales displays • Restaurant atmospheres Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Situational inducement: 5 general examples – Rearranging surroundings • Goldiamond’s married couple – Rearranged rooms and changed some furniture so current environment had not been paired with husband screaming at wife for sleeping with his best friend • Rearranging study area – Eliminate SDs for non-studying behaviors • Clutter • distractions Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Situational inducement: 5 general examples – Moving the activity to a new location • If civilized conversation is the replacement behavior, choose an environment that may facilitate that. (i.e. not a movie) • Studying might be easier in an area without a TV and bed Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational • Situational inducement: 5 general examples • Relocating People – Not putting kids next to each other who fight • Changing the time of activity Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational – Guidelines for using situational inducement 1. Clearly identify the desirable behavior to be strengthened and the undesirable behavior to be decreased 2. Brainstorm all possible environmental arrangements in the presence of which the desired behavior occurred in the past or is likely to occur Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational situational inducement – Guidelines for using 1. From the list of stimuli that have controlled the behavior in the past, identify those that could be easily introduced to control the behavior 2. Arrange the learner to be exposed to the stimuli that control the target behavior in the desired way and to avoid locations and arrangements that do not have this control Capitalizing on Existing Stimulus Control: Modeling Guidance, and Situational inducement Situational – Guidelines for using situational inducement 1. Make sure the undesirable behavior never occurs in the presence of situations introduced to strengthen desirable behavior 2. When the desirable behavior occurs in the new arrangement, reinforce it! 3. Use fading to bring the behavior under the desired stimulus control ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course PHY 205 taught by Professor Barlly during the Spring '11 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

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