Ch20 - Ch20 Ch20 Behavioral Assessment Behavioral Initial...

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Unformatted text preview: Ch20 Ch20 Behavioral Assessment: Behavioral Initial Considerations Initial Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Some Terms – Target Behavior Behavior to be improved – Behavioral Assessment The collection and analysis of information and data in order to identify and describe a target behavior, identify possible causes of behavior, select appropriate treatment strategies to modify the behavior, and evaluate treatment outcome Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Minimal Phases of a Program – A) Screening or Intake phase For clarifying the problem and determining who should treat it – B) Baseline – C) Treatment – D) Follow­up Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Minimal Phases of a Program – A) Screening or Intake phase Intake form – Name, address, DOB, marital status, etc. – Asks the client to state the reason for seeking services (help) For clarifying the problem and determining who should treat it. – What are our target behaviors and who should treat them – If not me then who Make a referral Screen for presence of a crisis situation requiring immediate attention – Child abuse, suicide risk, etc. Diagnosing (if necessary, should be done by a clinical psychologist) Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Minimal Phases of a Program – B) Baseline Assess the target behavior to determine its level prior to intervention Analyze current environment to identify controlling variables (ch 22) – We use a baseline to: Compare levels post treatment to levels prior to treatment to determine effectiveness of program To identify that a target behavior is really an excess or deficient behavior How long do we run a baseline phase? Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Minimal Phases of a Program – C) Treatment – Often referred to as training or teaching program in educational settings – Referred to as an intervention strategy or therapy program in community settings Involves frequent monitoring of the behavior throughout the treatment – If it’s not working after a reasonable amount of time, change it! Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Minimal Phases of a Program – D) Follow­up To determine if changes made during the treatment phase are maintained after the treatment is terminated When possible, conduct precise observations in the natural environment where the behavior is likely to occur Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Sources of information for baseline assessment Indirect assessment procedures – Interviews with the client and significant others (spouse, parents, teachers, support staff) You should engage in active listening and validate the person’s feelings Focus on the specific behaviors that characterize the problem(s) of the individual – Probe about relevant controlling variables (ABCs) Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Sources of information for baseline assessment Indirect assessment procedures – Questionnaires Life history questionnaires – Provides demographic data – Background data Sexual, health, educational histories Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Sources of information for baseline assessment Indirect assessment procedures – Questionnaires Self­report problem checklists – Individual indicates which problems are relevant to them from a detailed list of problem behaviors Third­party behavioral checklist or rating scales – Allows people who contact the individual to subjectively rate the frequency and or quality of certain behaviors Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Sources of information for baseline assessment Indirect assessment procedures – Role playing Recreating the situation in which the behavior occurs outside of the actual setting – Client and therapist enact interpersonal interactions related to the person’s problems Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Sources of information for baseline assessment Indirect assessment procedures – Information from consulting professionals If another professional has worked with the individual for reasons related to the current problem, obtain relevant information from them – – – Another Behavior Analyst Psychiatrist Medical doctor Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Sources of information for baseline assessment Indirect assessment procedures – Client self­monitoring (ch 21) The direct observation by the individual of his or her own behavior Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Sources of information for baseline assessment Direct assessment procedures – Specifically defined behaviors directly observed by others Direct assessments are likely to be more accurate than indirect assessments Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Sources of information for baseline assessment Experimental assessment procedures – Used to clearly identify the antecedent and consequent events associated with a behavior Experimental functional analysis (FA) Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Sources of information for baseline assessment Computer­assisted data collection – Palm pilots, phones, etc. are used for direct observation or self­monitoring of behaviors and environmental events Observe software Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Data! Data! Data! Why Bother? Data provides objective information about behavior – Provides a description of the problem that will help the behavior modifier decide whether he or she is the appropriate one to treat the behavior – May indicate a perceived problem really is not a problem Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Data! Data! Data! Why Bother? Data provides objective information about behavior – Helps to identify function within a functional assessment or analysis – Identify effectiveness (or ineffectiveness) of the program If we don’t know if the program is working or not, we don’t know whether to keep on keepin’ on or change the program Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Data! Data! Data! Why Bother? Data provides objective information about behavior – Publicly posted data can prompt and reinforce the behavior modifier’s behavior for carrying out the plan – Publicly posted data can prompt and reinforce the behavior of the learner (feedback) Reactivity – Knowing your being observed can alter your behavior Behavioral Assessment: Initial Considerations Considerations Behavioral Assessment Compared to Traditional Assessment – (p.265, will use doc cam) ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course PHY 205 taught by Professor Barlly during the Spring '11 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

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