Chapter 2 constitution - Cost Political experience and...

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CONSTITUTION: A consensual document that establishes fundamental principles and the general procedures that are the basis for any given society. Consensual, meaning broad-based support Reflects views, ideals and beliefs at time of writing Incorporates change through both interpretation and formal amendment.
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HISTORICAL ANTECEDENTS Anglo-Saxon Liberalism Rights of Man Philosophy A well-read leadership class Common law tradition Colonial settlement patterns Develops individual state traditions Isolation breeds self-reliance Develops “American” cultural identity Revolt against England Violation of basic common law contract Lack of representation
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Unformatted text preview: Cost Political experience and documents Colonial legislatures State constitutions Declaration of Independence ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION Based on a “firm league of friendship.” Emphasized state sovereignty (article II) Emphasis on common defense Legislative dominance (no court or executive) 9 of 13 needed for legislative acts No enforcement of legislative acts, “shall abide” KEY POINTS OF FAILURE OF ARTICLES Monetary Confusion: each state had own currency; inflation was also a problem Economic Rivalry: taxes and imposts on interstate commerce favored states with ports Boundary Disputes Lack of Tax Payments: threatened national sovereignty...
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  • Spring '11
  • Smith
  • legislative acts, meaning broad-based support, well-read leadership class, Colonial settlement patterns, individual state traditions

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