chapter 8 political parties

chapter 8 political parties - • “National” party a...

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POLITICAL PARTIES A group of individuals with some ideological agreement who organize to win elections, run government and make public policy Group power Parties attempt to create broad coalitions (links to proximity voting) Are a key to understanding how government is organized ROLES OF PARTIES IN AMERICAN POLITICS 1. Provide/recruit candidates 2. Conduct elections 3. Educate the public 4. Organize government 5. Make public policy 6. Provide loyal opposition 7. Provide a “cue” for voters
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CHARACTERISTICS OF AMERICAN PARTIES Two Parties Fairly stable coalitions Third parties rare win and face structural barriers Single member districts, plurality vote winners Highly Decentralized Linked to emphasis on state elections Parties have different “meanings” in different states
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Unformatted text preview: • “National” party a collection of “state parts” Semi-public, Open Organizations • No formal test for entry • Laws (state) often limit party attempts to discipline members Loose Coalitions, Fairly Non-ideological PARTY REGULATIONS • Founding Fathers generally distrusted parties and did not include them in the Constitution • Parties quickly became part of how American politics worked • Because of this key public role, parties were a logical “target” for regulation • Most regulation comes through State law Items that are covered 1. Access to ballot 2. Membership 3. Organization and required public meetings 4. Duties and powers of officers (especially endorsement or non-endorsement) 5. Party finances PARTY ORGANIZATION...
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course PHY 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '11 term at University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

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chapter 8 political parties - • “National” party a...

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