chapter 14 JUDICIARY

chapter 14 JUDICIARY - JUDICIARY The third branch described...

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JUDICIARY The third branch – described in Article 3 Creates an independent Supreme Court Gives Congress the power to create all “inferior courts” and establish their jurisdiction Power of the judiciary often overstated Most cases are applications of law (and fact as most cases begin and end at District Court level) Power enhanced through “Judicial Review” which Supreme Court established in the case Marbury v. Madison Organization Hierarchy District Courts: traditional trial duties, factual guilt or innocence Circuit Courts: intermediate appellate level (decides cases on point of law) Supreme Court: “court of last resort” for appeals (point of law) Most cases end in District court
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Supreme Court has limited docket (sets its own docket) JUDICIARY: KEY TERMS Jurisdiction: The ability to hear cases Case or controversy: involves an issue of law Criminal Code: Laws regulating relations between individuals and society. Violations are prosecuted by
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chapter 14 JUDICIARY - JUDICIARY The third branch described...

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