culture war -essay - Wei Na Xie Writing Assignment...

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Wei Na Xie Writing Assignment Professor Herzik PSC 101 11/08/10 The Culture War- Blue and Red What is the Culture War? In Fiorina's “Culture War?” , it says the “culture war” in American usage is a metaphor used to “refer to a displacement or supercession of the classic economic conflicts”, claim that political conflict is based on sets of conflicting cultural values. “Culture wars” became a popular catchphrase during the 1980s and 1990s, especially in 1992 when presidential hopeful Pat Buchanan delivered his campaign speech to the Republican National Convention. Addressing concerns over such controversial issues as abortion, affirmative action, and arts funding, he proclaimed that conservatives must declare a cultural revolution—“a war for the nation’s soul.” Buchanan sees this war as a political and moral battle largely between liberal secular forces and conservative religious forces. In a similar vein, sociologist James Davison Hunter, the author of several books on American political and cultural conflict, defines the culture wars as ongoing ideological debates between two opposing camps. Hunter maintains that these debates typically occur between various “orthodox” (conservative or traditional) and “progressive” (liberal or modern) interests, cutting across the realms of politics, religion, ethics, economics, popular culture, and education. In my opinion, the “culture war” is the supposed ideological battles of what will be the dominant beliefs in the United States. This battle is being fought by different interest groups, each one trying to impose or protect their beliefs in main stream society. In other words, to me, the culture war is more often used as a political smoke screen of buzz words, it usually to draw attention away from economic
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issues. The popular component issues in the "Culture War" revolve around the catch phrase "Family values". These values closely correlate with conservative Christian beliefs. The definition of "Family Values" is vague and shifting, but for Republicans consistent topics have been opposition to same-sex marriage, feminist causes, sex education and abortion, while supporting religion in schools and abstinence education. Democrats and attempted to use the phrase to support universal healthcare, welfare programs, gay couple rights and raising the minimum wage. This "Culture War" persist in politics for two main reasons. First because laws are a reflection of a society's behavior, culture is merely a label for a group of probable behaviors in a community. In a pluralistic society differing social groups will always attempt to have their behavior protected by law. Since laws are made by elected officials cultural issues will always be a part of politics. The second reason is that the U.S. is a representative republic, meaning that people are supposed to elect a representative of their beliefs to be their voice in the government. When people look for a representative they usually look for someone who shares their cultural beliefs. Red and Blue
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culture war -essay - Wei Na Xie Writing Assignment...

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