exam1 study guide - Exam 1 Study Guide 1 Primary Functions...

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Exam 1 Study Guide 1. Primary Functions of government (lecture) Provide goods and services, manage conflict 2. Types of power (lecture) Coercive - a threat of punishment or a sanction Reward - of you do x, I will give you a reward. Referent -is believe, it's faith Expert – Verifiable experiences/knowledge/skills Legitimate- We don't want top have to punish (too hard) or reward (too expensive) ex// people know rules, like drive 60-65 on 55 high way, 30 as 30 drive on school zone. We want you do right thing, government makes rules, ppl follows. 3. Shared values of capitalism and democracy (lecture) Democracy importance of the individual, consent of the governed, general equality, process oriented- majority rule/minority rights no absolute truth capitalism individual decisionmaking and ownership competition fair process minimum of gov't interference Shared values in US : belief in certain human rights, among which are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; belief in the political equality of all citizens; the right to own private property, including real estate; the right to enter into contracts; various other rights of personal freedom, including freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and freedom of association; and recognition of a Divine Being, who created mankind for His own purposes and Who gave all of these rights to man, for the benefit of mankind. 4. “Rights of Man” philosophy (text, lecture) Anglo-Saxon liberalism The revolutionary War was partly a rebellion against Britain's failure to respect its own tradition of limited government in the colonies. Many of the colonial charters had conferred upon American's “the rights of Englishmen,” but Britain showed progressively less respect for these rights over time. During the French and Indian War(1756-1763), the colonists fought alongside British soldiers to drive the French out of the western territories. At the end of the war, however, Britain for the first time imposed heavy taxes on the colonies. The war with France, which was also waged in Europe, had created a budget crisis in Britain. Taxing the colonies was a way to reduce the debt, so Parliament levied a stamp tax on colonial newspapers and business documents. The colonists were not represented in Parliament, and they responded angrily. “ No taxation without representation” became the rallying cry. Although Parliament backed down and repealed the Stamp Act, it then passed the Townshend Act, which imposed taxes on all glass, paper, tea and lead. The colonists again objected, and Parliament again backed down, except for the tax on tea, which was kept to demonstrate that Britain was still in charge of colonial affairs. The tea tax sparked an act of defiance that became known as the “Boston Tea
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Party.” In Dec. 1773, under the cover of darkness, a small band of patriots disguised as Native Americans boarded an English ship in Boston Harbor and dumped its cargo of tea overboard. In 1774, the colonists met in Philadelphia at the First Continental Congress to decide what they would
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exam1 study guide - Exam 1 Study Guide 1 Primary Functions...

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