Biology: A Guide to the Natural World with mybiology" (4th Edition)

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BIOL 101 Test One Study Guide Greek and Latin Roots Macro – large Micro –small Meso – in the middle Hypo – less than or under Hyper – above or near Iso – the same Epi – on or above Auto – self Homo – the same kind Hetero – different kinds Cyto – of the cell Proto – first or earliest Chloro – green -phyll – leaf Endo – within Peri – around Pro – in front of, before Inter – between Phyto-/-phyte – plant Ad – toward Ab – away from A – not, negation of term -morph – form or shape -logos – word thought or speech Eco – household Bio – life Photo – light Botany – the study of plants Zoology – the study of animals Definitions Pure Science – To understand out of curiosity (Biology) Applied Science – Specifically to reach a scientific goal Reductionistic – Too simplistic; science dumbed down too much, usually said in a negative way Hydrophylic – Water loving; compounds that will interact with water Hydrophobic – Water fearing; compounds that do not interact with water
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- ase – Enzymes - ose – Sugar - ine – Usually an amino acid Scientific Method – When science is viewed as a process; it could be defined as a means of coming to understand the natural world through observation and the testing of hypotheses Hypotheses – A tentative testable explanation for an observed phenomenon Variable – An adjustable condition in an experiment Biology – The study of life Homeostasis – Relatively stable internal environment Mass – A measure of the quantity of matter in any given object Nucleus – The core of an atom Element – A substance that is “pure” in that it cannot be reduced to any simpler set of component substances through chemical processes Isotopes – atoms that contain the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons. The number of protons (the atomic number) is the same for each isotope, e.g. carbon-12, carbon-13 and carbon-14 each have 6 protons, but the number of neutrons in each isotope differs. For example, carbon-12, carbon-13 and carbon-14 are three isotopes of the element carbon with mass numbers 12, 13 and 14 respectively. The atomic number of carbon is 6 (every carbon atom has 6 protons); therefore the neutron numbers in these isotopes are 6, 7 and 8 respectively. Molecule – The smallest particle of a substance that retains the chemical and physical properties of the substance and is composed of two or more atoms; a group of like or different atoms held together by chemical forces. Electronegativity – A chemical property that describes the tendency of an atom or a functional group to attract electrons towards itself. Polarity
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Bio Test 1 SG - BIOL 101 Test One Study Guide Greek and...

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