LING 102Test 1 SG - LING 102 Test 1: Pragmatics Study Guide...

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LING 102 Test 1: Pragmatics Study Guide Pragmatics - The study of how language is used to communicate within its situational context. OR The study of how language is affected by the context in which it occurs. Implicature - An implied statement. Coined by Paul Grice. Refers to what is suggested in an utterance, even though neither expressed nor strictly implied by the utterance. EX: The sentence "Mary had a baby and got married" strongly suggests that Mary had the baby before the wedding, but the sentence would still be strictly true if Mary had her baby after she got married. Flouting - The intentional violation of a conversational maxim for the purpose of conveying an unstated proposition. Speech Act - speech event Locutionary Act - The act of simply uttering a sentence from a language; it is a description of what the speaker says . (John Austen coined) Illocutionary Act - This is what the speaker does in uttering a sentence. Illocutionary acts include such acts as stating, requesting, questioning, apologizing, promising and appointing. (John Austen coined) o Representative - an utterance used to describe some state of affairs o Directive - an utterance used to try to get the hearer to do something o Question - an utterance used to get the hearer to provide information
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LING 102Test 1 SG - LING 102 Test 1: Pragmatics Study Guide...

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