Phonology - Ch. 6: Phonology Phonology is the study of the...

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Ch. 6: Phonology
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Phonology is the study of the sound system of language: the rules that govern pronunciation.
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Phonological knowledge – produce sounds that form meaningful utterances, to detect foreign accent, etc.
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Observations (p.99) (1) the first sound in ‘fight’ (2) war (3) pea, see, me, key (4) p, b, k (5) cab vs. cap cad vs. cat
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Vocal Tract Figure 6.1 Cross-section of the vocal tract (p.100)
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It is not as easy to see or feel the back of the tongue as the front as well but X-ray photography and video confirm the raising of the back of the tongue for vowels such as [u]. Tongue video, Jaw video, and Larynx video http://hctv.humnet.ucla. edu/departments/linguistics/VowelsandCon .html (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 3.1, 3.2)
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Phonemes segment we perceive when we hear speech
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Phonemic Alphabet IPA Vowel phonemes of English (p.102-103)
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VOWELS ɪ Small Capital I ɛ Epsilon æ Ash ə Schwa ʊ Upsilon ɔ Open O
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Vowels Tongue height Frontness Lip Rounding Tenseness
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Consonant phonemes of English (p.105-107)
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CONSONANTS θ Theta ð Eth ŋ Eng š Wedge S ž Wedge Z c Wedge C j Wedge J
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Consonants Place of articulation Manner of articulation Voicing
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The University of Iowa, The Sounds of English, Spanish, and German http://www.uiowa.edu/%7Eacadtech/phonetics/
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Phonology - Ch. 6: Phonology Phonology is the study of the...

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