Prag2 - Data 1 A: How did Mike do on the final? B: Well, he...

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  1 Data 1 A: How did Mike do on the final? B: Well, he wrote something for every question.
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  2 Some interesting questions: Did Mike do well? Everyone agree? How do we know that?
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  3 1.  Utterance meaning (broad)  In making an utterance, speakers  often convey more than what is  directly expressed: 
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  4 A: “Am I in time for supper?”  B: “I’ve cleared the table.”  ---the theory of implicatures
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  5 2. Communicative meaning:  the act the speaker is performing by  uttering a  sentence 
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  6   Different context, different meaning?  different act? Utterance:       I’m going to see a movie
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  7 (1) A: What are you doing tonight?       B: I’m going to see a movie (2) A: I invite you to dinner tonight.        B: I’m going to see a movie ---  the theory of speech acts
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  8 (1) A: What are you doing tonight?       B: I’m going to see a movie ---Stating (2) A: I invite you to dinner tonight.        B: I’m going to see a movie ---Refusal
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  9 second major theory about  language in Pragmatics  Speech Act Theory
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  10 What is Speech Act Theory? It begins with another philosopher  making an observation about language  and communication  
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  11 What is Speech Act Theory? It begins with another philosopher  making an observation about language  and communication His name is John Austin
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  12 John Austin- 1911-1960  
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  13 His Observation By speaking, we are also doing an  action
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  14 His Observation By speaking, we are also doing an  action Put another way, speaking has an effect  on someone, just like an action such as  punching them
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  15 Consider these examples Saying to someone, “I am sorry”
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  16 Consider these examples Saying to someone, “I am sorry” Saying to someone, “I love you”
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Prag2 - Data 1 A: How did Mike do on the final? B: Well, he...

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