Syntax1 - The 2nd area of Linguistics The 2nd area of...

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The 2nd area of Linguistics
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The 2nd area of Linguistics Syntax
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What is Syntax?
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What is Syntax? Simple Answer:
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What is Syntax? Simple Answer: The study of the linear structure of phrases and sentences
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What is Syntax? Simple Answer: The study of the linear structure of phrases and sentences Deeper Answer: The study of the linear structure of phrases and sentences in order to learn about the organization of the human mind
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Where did we get this idea of syntax from?
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Where did we get this idea of syntax from? Let’s look historically at the ideas of three men
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First, there is Ferdinand de Saussure QuickTimeþ TIFF i ³m k È Å ª ± Ì s N `o
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Working in the early 1900’s, he made the following observation:
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Working in the early 1900’s, he made the following observation: Language has a vertical ordering called a paradigmatic relation
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Working in the early 1900’s, he made the following observation: Language has a vertical ordering called a paradigmatic relation It has also a linear order called a syntagmatic relation
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What in the world does that mean?
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The boy performed brilliantly
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The boy performed brilliantly girl man
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The boy performed brilliantly girl man baby
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The boy performed brilliantly girl decently man baby
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The boy performed brilliantly girl decently man poorly baby
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This is what is meant by the paradigmatic relationship.
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This is what is meant by the associative relationship The syntagmatic relationship meant the left to right relationship of the words to each other.
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So, in English we can be pretty sure that ‘the boy’ is the subject who did the performing.
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that ‘the boy’ is the subject who did the performing. We know this because it comes first,
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course LING 102 taught by Professor Saft,s during the Spring '08 term at University of Hawaii - Hilo.

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Syntax1 - The 2nd area of Linguistics The 2nd area of...

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