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HW Assignment 3 - Since Socrates believed that the soul was...

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Introduction to Western Philosophy Name Briana Baillie Assignment #3 The Phaedo What is the meaning of Socrates' last words? How might these last words sum up the whole of Plato’s philosophy? In response explain something about Plato’s metaphysics and epistemology. In The Phaedo after Socrates takes the hemlock he uncovers his face, which he had covered, and speaks his last words; “Crito, we ought to offer a cock to Asclepius. See to it, and don’t forget.” Asclepius was the god of healing. In saying that they should give him an offering, he seems to be implying that Asclepius has cured him of a sickness. Knowing that it was Plato who wrote this, I’m assuming he was thankful for Asclepius curing him of the sickness of life, or healing his soul of its attachment to his body. He thought that life was a disease, most likely because of the body’s interference in gaining true wisdom. You can only reach the “truth” with your mind and soul, the body just interferes.
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Unformatted text preview: Since Socrates believed that the soul was immortal, then this life must only be for the body, and the body interferes in the pursuit of knowledge. Our body’s wants and needs lead us to wars and all things bad in Socrates mind. So if this life is for our bodies, and our bodies lead us to doing wrong, then this life must be a sickness, and in essence wrong. Plato’s metaphysics and epistemology are of an apparent world that is constantly changing, and an unchanging world of forms, or a perfect world. Our world is a poor copy of the perfect, or true, world. These ideas make sense in relation to Socrates last words. If our world and everything in it is a poor copy, and the soul is immortal, it wouldn’t be too far off to assume that after death we could experience the perfectness of the true world that is unchanging....
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