GOV312 compilation - 7/13 LECTURE 1s I. Understanding the...

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Unformatted text preview: 7/13 LECTURE 1s I. Understanding the CW: IR Theory -- Levels of Analysis A. Systemic Level B. National Level C. Individual Level II. Systemic Level -- Realism A. Realism and the Anarchic World System B. Mistrust and the Security Dilemma C. Problems of cooperation - Prisoners Dilemma D. Balance of power III. Two Competing Views from the National Level A. Traditionalist Perspective -- Soviet Expansion B. Revisionist Perspective -- American Expansion IV. Individual Level A. Stalins Paranoia B. Trumans Anti-Communism I. Understanding the Cold War: IR Theory - Levels of Analysis A. Systemic Level-the situation (bar) cause in system-leaders not important, captive to environment B. National Level-(gang) country is responsible. Actor important-good v. bad actor- system of gvt. Democracy =peace) C. Individual Level-(thug) ***Waltz: billiard ball interaction system II. Systemic Level Realism A. Realism and the Anarchic World System-No world gvt system, not that theres no rules, but lack enforcement mechanisms-Cant prohibit conflict: how differs from domestic B. Mistrust and the Security Dilemma-self help system. Own national defense is protection-in a self help world: build up defenses. Can say for protection, but why should we believe for protection?-hard to distinguish offense v. defense reaction.-Fearon puts forth: War is costly & uncertain. Part of bargaining. 3 Problems make unavoidable 1) Issue indivisibility 2) Private info-deliberately & not purposefully-war reveals info about resolve & capability 3.) Commitment- cant honestly say wont use incr capabilities in the future **tragedy of great powers conflicts (Fearon @ systemic level) C. Problems of cooperation - Prisoners Dilemma **Who are the prisoners ??? D. Balance of power -both sides of relative strength-will balance against dominant power-REALISM: war inevitable. Can ONLY be stopped by BOP.-nuclear weapons: long conflict can be avoided-strength: inevitable, whos left standing; US & Sov expanding influence, natural dividing. -weakness: not depth or ideological nature or character. Only conflict. III. Two Competing Views from the National Level A. Traditionalist Perspective - Soviet Expansion 1.E. Europe & Poland 2. Fail to demobilize, 3. Ironi crisis 4. Malitaf Pact-Sov & German (facists), Hitler & Stalin-Agreed not to fight-US & UK fearful bc $ from lend lease B. Revisionist Perspective -- American Expansion, foreign policy-democracy & freedom= sham 1. Long history of invasion from the West 2. Specific US invasion: Wilson 3. Wanted another front and US & Churchill said no.3....
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GOV312 compilation - 7/13 LECTURE 1s I. Understanding the...

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