Chap16-Part4

Chap16-Part4 - Chapter 16 Homework Sections 16.7 to 16.10...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 16 Homework Sections 16.7 to 16.10 Red concepts: 16.5,16.8 Red exercises: 16.75, 16.77, 16.79, 16.81, 16.83 16.87, 16.93, 16.95, 16.97, 16.107, 16.110, 16.117, 16.120 Weak Bases Many bases only partially react with water: B( aq ) + H 2 O( l ) HB + ( aq ) + OH- ( aq ) The base dissociation constant, K b , describes the extent of protonated and deprotonated species at equilibrium: Larger values of K b indicate stronger bases (more OH- generated). K b = 1.8x10-5 K b = 1.8x10-4 Calculating pH from K b 1) Make a table with the known information. 2) Write the changes in concentrations as a function of an unknown variable (e.g., x). 3) Calculate the equilibrium concentrations as a function of x. 4) Write an algebraic expression for K b as a function of x. 5) Find the value of x. 6) Calculate the equilibrium concentrations. 7) Calculate pH from [OH- ]. 1) Make a table with the known information. BrO- (M) BrOH (M) OH- (M) initial 1.15 0 0 change final Example: 1.15 M BrO- with K b = 4.0 x 10-6 BrO- + H 2 O BrOH + OH- 2) Write the changes in concentrations as a function of an unknown variable (e.g., x). BrO- (M) BrOH (M) OH- (M) initial 1.15 0 0 change -x x x final 3) Calculate the equilibrium concentrations as a function of x. BrO- (M) BrOH (M) OH- (M) initial 1.15 0 0 change -x x x final 1.15 - x x x 4) Write an algebraic expression for K b as a function of x. BrO- (M) BrOH (M) OH- (M) initial 1.15 0 0 change -x x x final 1.15 - x x x 5) Find the value of x. 6) Calculate the equilibrium concentrations. BrO- (M) BrOH (M) OH- (M) initial 1.15 0 0 change -2.1x10-3 2.1x10-3 2.1x10-3 final 1.15 2.1x10-3 2.1x10-3 7) Calculate pH from [OH- ]. BrO- (M) BrOH (M) OH- (M) initial 1.15 0 0 change -2.1x10-3 2.1x10-3 2.1x10-3 final 1.15 2.1x10-3 2.1x10-3 Calculating K b from pH 1) Make a table with the known information....
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Chap16-Part4 - Chapter 16 Homework Sections 16.7 to 16.10...

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