IT_228_lecture_2_f_10

IT_228_lecture_2_f_10 - Click to edit Master subtitle style...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 9/14/11 IT 228 Charley Wilcox
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9/14/11 Review Cultural Relativism Lets Review what we decided about the first big challenge to Moral Theories.
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9/14/11 Back to the Five Claims 1. Different societies have different moral codes. This is certainly true, although there are some values that all cultures share, such as the value of truth telling, the importance of caring for the young, and the prohibition on murder. Also, when customs differ, the underlying reason will often have more to do with the factual beliefs of the
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9/14/11 Five Claims 2. The moral code of a society determines what is right within that society Here we must bear in mind the difference between what a society believes about morals and what is really true . The moral code of a society has a lot to do with what people in that society believe to be
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9/14/11 Five Claims 3. There is no objective standard that can be Used to judge one society's code as better than another's. In other words, there is no "universal truth" in ethics; there are no moral truths that hold for all people at all times. However it always matters whether a practice promotes or hinders the welfare of
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9/14/11 Five Claims 4. The moral code of our own society has no special status; it is but one among many. This seems to deny the possibility that one moral code might be better or worse. This too would preclude our wanting to change our culture for the better.
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9/14/11 Five Claims 5. It is mere arrogance for us to judge the conduct of other peoples. We should adopt an attitude of tolerance toward the practices of other cultures. However, we shouldn't be tolerant of everything . Human societies have done terrible things, and it is a mark of progress when we can say that those things
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9/14/11 Subjectivism in Ethics “Take any action allowed to be vicious: Willful murder, for instance. Examine it in all lights, and see if you can find that matter of fact, or real existence, which you call vice. . . You can never find it, till you turn your reflexion into your own breast, and find a sentiment of
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9/14/11 The Basic Idea of Ethical In 2001 there was a mayoral election in New York, and when it came time for the city's annual Gay Pride Day parade, every single Democratic and Republican candidate showed up to march “In other parts of the country, the positions taken here would be extremely unpopular, if not deadly,
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9/14/11 One example The national Republican Party apparently agrees; at the urging of religious conservatives, it has made opposition to gay rights a part of its agenda in 2005, a majority—51%—said that they think homosexuality should be considered acceptable. This means, of course, that almost as many think
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Example continued “Homosexuality is immoral. The so- called 'gay rights' are not rights at all, because immorality is not right.”- Jerry Falwell Every sign of unjust discrimination (against gays) regard should be
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