IT_228_lecture_4f_10

IT_228_lecture_4f_10 - Click Revolution in Ethics...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 9/14/11 IT 228 The Revolution in Ethics Utilitarianism
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9/14/11 Paper assignment topics Cultural Relativism Subjectivism in Ethics Divine Command Theory Natural Law Theory Ethical Egoism How do these square up with: The Minimum Conception of Morality
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9/14/11 Write about EACH Explain what the Minimum Conception of Morality is and why it is important Write a paragraph or two on each of the challenges to moral theories Explain how each fails to square up with the Minimum Conception of Morality
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9/14/11 In the news A Move to Curb Digitally Altered Photos in Ads Concerned that girls and women feel excessive pressure to live up to the digitally Botoxed and liposuctioned images of human perfection they see in glossy magazines, lawmakers in Britain and France are trying to push advertisers to get real.
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9/14/11 Britain seeks ban “When teenagers and women look at these pictures in magazines, they end up feeling unhappy with themselves,” said Jo Swinson, a British member of Parliament The party wants to ban altered photos entirely in ads aimed at children under 16.
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9/14/11 In France… In France last week, Valerie Boyer, a lawmaker from President Nicolas Sarkozy ’s party, introduced a similar bill in the National Assembly, the lower house of Parliament. She argued that altered images were undermining young women’s ability to control their own destinies. “These photos can lead people to
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9/14/11 An example One example is a 2003 cover of GQ magazine in Britain on which the actress Kate Winslet appears several sizes smaller than her actual self.
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9/14/11 Is this an ethical issue?
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9/14/11 Warning Labels? Her bill would require warning labels on retouched photos published for editorial purposes as well as those in print ads. Violators could face fines of 37,500 euros, or almost $55,000, or up to 50 percent of the cost of an advertisement.
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9/14/11 The Revolution in Ethics Given our present perspective, it is amazing that Christian ethics down through the centuries could have accepted almost unanimously the sententious doctrine that "the end does not justify the means.” We have to ask now, "If the end does not justify the means, what does?" The answer is, obviously, "Nothing!"
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9/14/11 Utilitarianism Proposed by David Hume (1711- 1776) Given definitive formulation by: Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) John Stuart Mill (1806-1873)
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9/14/11 Late 18th and 19th centuries The modern nation-state was emerging in the aftermath of the French Revolution Revolutions showed the transforming power of the new ideas of “liberty, equality, fraternity” America, was a new country with a new kind of constitution American civil war put an end to
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9/14/11 Old ways of thinking were Bentham's argument for a new conception of morality Not about pleasing God Not about being faithful to abstract rules It is about making the world as happy as possible.
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course IT 228 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at DePaul.

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IT_228_lecture_4f_10 - Click Revolution in Ethics...

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