IT_228_lecture_5_f_10

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 9/14/11 IT 228 Are There Absolute Moral Rules ? Kant and Respect for Persons
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9/14/11 Paper assignment topics Cultural Relativism Subjectivism in Ethics Divine Command Theory Natural Law Theory Ethical Egoism How do these square up with: The Minimum Conception of Morality
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9/14/11 Are There Absolute Moral You may not do evil that good may come. SAINT PAUL, LETTER TO THE ROMANS (ca. A.D. 50) Harry Truman and Elizabeth Anscombe had a disagreement over Truman’s decision to drop the atom bomb which ended WW II
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9/14/11 Killing of innocents Truman was at first reluctant to use the new weapon. The problem was that each bomb would obliterate an entire city not just the military targets The United States was on record as condemning attacks on civilian targets President Roosevelt had called it
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9/14/11 In Truman’s words: Truman wrote in his diary that “I have told the Sec. of War, Mr. Stimson, to use [the bomb] so that military objectives and soldiers and sailors are the target and not women and children. . . .He and I are in accord. The target will be a purely military one.” Elizabeth Anscombe, one of the
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9/14/11 Elizabeth Anscombe Miss Anscombe was a Catholic who’s ethical views reflected traditional Catholic teachings. 1956 when Harry Truman was awarded an honorary degree by Oxford University Elizabeth Anscombe protested and knelt praying outside the hall where the award was presented
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9/14/11 Justified Killing? Truman thought the bombings were justified they had shortened the war and saved lives. For Anscombe, this was not good enough. “For men to choose to kill the innocent as a means to their ends,” she wrote, “is always murder.”
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9/14/11 Anscombe’s absolute moral “There are certain things forbidden whatever consequences threaten, such as: choosing to kill the innocent for any purpose, however good; vicarious punishment; treachery idolatry; sodomy; adultery; and making a false profession of faith.” These things may not be done, no matter what.
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9/14/11 The Categorical Imperative The idea that moral rules hold without exception is hard to defend. In some circumstances, following the rule would have terrible consequences. How can we explain why we should not make an exception to the rule in such circumstances?
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9/14/11 Immanuel Kant- moral rules Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was one of the greatest figures in modern thought He did not appeal to theological considerations He held that reason alone requires us to behave in a moral way. One of the problems with his theory was that his rules were absolute as
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9/14/11 Categorical Imperative Hypothetical imperatives tell us what to do provided that we have the relevant desires If you want to become a better chess player, you ought to study the games of Garry Kasparov If you want to get an A in this course you ought to write excellent papers Kant holds that, just as hypothetical
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course IT 228 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at DePaul.

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IT_228_lecture_5_f_10 - Click to edit Master subtitle style...

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