IT_228_lecture_7_f_10

IT_228_lecture_7_f_10 - Click to edit and the Feminism...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style 9/14/11 IT 228 Feminism and the Ethics of Care; The Ethics of Virtue; and a Satisfactory Moral Theory
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9/14/11 Do Women and Men Think But it is obvious that the values of women differ very often from the values which have been made by the other sex; naturally, this is so. Yet it is the masculine values that prevail. VIRGINIA WOOLF, A ROOM OF ONE'S OWN (1929)
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9/14/11 Women who changed Moral Carol Gilligan Nel Noddings Virginia Held Annette Baier Elizabeth Anscombe Virginia Woolf And of course, many others
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9/14/11 Outrageous statements Aristotle said that women are not as rational as men, and so women are naturally ruled by men. Immanuel Kant agreed, adding that for this reason women "lack civil personality" and should have no voice in public life.
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9/14/11 Outrageous statements Jean-Jacques Rousseau tried to put a good face on it by emphasizing that men and women merely possess different virtues; but, of course, it turned out that men‘s virtues fit them for leadership, whereas women's virtues fit them for home and hearth.
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9/14/11 women's movement of the Rejected the idea of psychological differences between women and men Men as rational and women as emotional was dismissed as a mere stereotype Feminist thinkers have reconsidered the matter, and some have concluded that women do indeed
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9/14/11 Are Men Missing Something? Female ways of thinking yield insights that have been missed in male-dominated areas The distinctive approach of women, we can make progress in subjects that were stalled. i.e. Ethics
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9/14/11 Lawrence Kohlberg’s Six 1. Punishment and obedience: Right is conceived as obeying authority and avoiding punishment 2. Individual instrumental purpose and exchange: Right is conceived as satisfying one's needs and allowing others to do the same, while making "fair deals" to further one's ends.
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9/14/11 Six levels of development 3. Mutual interpersonal expectations, relationships, and conformity: Right is conceived in terms of the duties and responsibilities that go with one's social roles and one’s relationships; a critical virtue is keeping loyalty and trust with partners. 4. Social system and conscience
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9/14/11 Six levels of development 5. Prior rights and social contract or utility: Right is conceived as upholding the basic rights, values, and legal arrangements of the society. (At this stage and the next, personal relationships are subordinated to universal principles of justice.) 6. Universal ethical principles: Full
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Kohlberg's Study "Heinz's Dilemma” devised by Lawrence Kohlberg A drug which could save his wife cost $200 to make, and the pharmacist was selling it for $2000. Heinz could raise only $1000. Would it be wrong for him to steal the drug? Kohlberg used this and other
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2011 for the course IT 228 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '11 term at DePaul.

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IT_228_lecture_7_f_10 - Click to edit and the Feminism...

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