CHAPTER 6: SOCIALIZATION AND SOCIAL ROLES
Whatever the shortcomings of Margaret
Mead’s fieldwork, one thing is certain: In no
society she visited were all children being
raised in the same way. For example, not al
Mundugumor children were expected to be
equally fierce, to develop the same basic
personality, or to learn the same physical and
Instead, from infancy, children
are sorted out in a variety of ways and
socialized in different directions because they
to lead different lives.
another ways, they are being groomed to fill
quite different social roles.
Recall form Chapter 2 that a social role is a
set of shared expectations about the behavior of
a person occupying a particular position in a
society. A role consists of a set of norms
applying to a particular position, and these
norms serve as a script to be followed by those
people filling that position.
Every society can be conceived of a
collection of related roles.
societies have a number of different positions –
son, daughter, father, mother aunt, uncle,
cousin, warrior, hunter, cook, gardener,
grandfather, grandmother, chief, and priest, to
name but a
Each of these positions has a
unique role associated with it; the role of priest,
for example, is quite different form that of
hunter, although the same person may alternate