Poli Sci - Poli Sci 10 Oct 06 FREEDOM OF RELIGION...

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Poli Sci 10 Oct 06 FREEDOM OF RELIGION Separation of church and state Why? Relig tolerance imp. for civic peace (RC+Prot+Jews) Don’t mingle with politics No official church Ex – Virginia official church all had pay tax whether member or not 1 st Amend fought ag this. What should be line bet church & state? Senate & House – opening prayer Military – chaplain Holidays – religious (Easter Monday) “In God We Trust” Tcher Q Should state gov’ts be allowed to support schools? 1947 – whether NJ bus to parochial schools Est’d 3 holdings: A. Estab clause of 1 st Amend must be followed by state B. (Incorporation) wall of separation doctrine – no intermingling of church & st C. If give aid to busing – have not breached wall contradiction open door to other things Court continu draw line bet what can & not be subsidized NO OVERALL PRINCIPLE Everson Case
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Prayer & Bible rdg in pub schools Early 60s challenged prac of mandatory Bible rdg & official prayer 1962 6-1 decision – offic’l prayer unconstitutional 1963
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Poli Sci - Poli Sci 10 Oct 06 FREEDOM OF RELIGION...

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