070125 C&L Notes

070125 C&L Notes - Chapter 1, 1/25/05 George Collierm...

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Chapter 1, 1/25/05 George Collierm Lecture notes:  Descartes     Galileo Science is possible for physical events but not for        behavioral events     Descartes answer (reflex)   S-R     Dolls     The machine      Library of reflexes (not modified by experience) Pavlov     Educable reflexes (association) Thorndike     Random Behavior     Consequences Strengthen         Time to solve (trials to solve)         Puzzle box         Deprivation increases activity         Satiation         Puzzle box is misnomer (no reasoning = radical behaviorism)     Trials (subject returned to PB)     Intertrial interval     Sessions     Intersession interval             Thorndike and education (non classical);                 Why you don't have to learn Greek                 Consequences vs transfer of training Runways-Mazes     RANDOM BEHAVIOR     CONSEQUENCES (select behaviors---analogous to evolution-select species)         Speed           Latency         Trials    (7 miles)         Problem solving: T-maze, complex maze, problem maze(Tolman) Skinner     Repeating puzzle box = Skinner box     Eating (push door open) (operant psychology = meal)     Lever (clever) (not rational)         CONSEQUENCES             Quality             Magnitude             Delay             Deprivation             Satiation         CUMULATIVE CURVE    (Satiation curve)             Linear portion (SLOPE)                           RATE OF RESPONDING (response/time): animal  controls inter trial interval                 Measure of  RESPONSE STRENGTH (faster = stronger)                 RECURRENT 1
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                 Rate became the tool of operant psychology               Shaping = Powerful tool             Language             Social behavior                 Any behavior can be shaped
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2008 for the course PSYCH 311 taught by Professor Rovee-collier during the Spring '06 term at Rutgers.

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070125 C&L Notes - Chapter 1, 1/25/05 George Collierm...

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