C&L 070122 - Chapter 1 - 1/22/07 1. Descartes mind/body...

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Chapter 1 - 1/22/07 1. Descartes – mind/body problem (dualism) a. Body part (animals: involuntary or automatic behavior ( reflexes ) i. Characteristics 1. Mechanical action 2. Invariant 3. Requires external stimulus a. Reflex strength determined by stimulus intensity i. Dolls in gardens of St. Germaine b. Mind part (humans): voluntary or conscious behavior ( free will ) i. Characteristics 1. Varied behavior 2. External stimulus not required ii. Pineal gland – formerly thought to be seat of consciousness 2. Hobson – hedonism a. What feels good and what feels bad guides behavior b. Circular – why does the dog eat it? Because it makes him feel good. Why does it make him feel good? Because he eats it. 3. Locke/Hume – nativism v. empiricism (innate knowledge v. learned via experience) a. Nativism : born with certain concepts, ideas, innate – not derived from experience (also called rationalism, e.g., Kant) b. Empiricism : blank slate at birth ( tabula rasa ); learning via experience
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C&L 070122 - Chapter 1 - 1/22/07 1. Descartes mind/body...

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