Science Print - Vamsi Reddy Page 1 Breaking it down with...

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Vamsi Reddy Page 1 Breaking it down with the Enzymes; Enzymes break down sugars to make quick energy Enzymes are probably the body’s most important type of catalyst . Furthermore, enzymes are proteins found in all humans; they are used to speed up chemical reactions within cells . Enzymes are biological catalysts . A catalyst is an agent which increases the rate of chemical reactions (The speed at which reactions occur) without being used up or altered in the reaction (“Enzymes”) . Almost every function of the body’s cells cannot be performed without enzymes. For an enzyme to work there must be an active site and a substrate . Moreover, an active site is an opening within a protein where substrates are broken down . The substrate is the actual reactant which enters the active site and sets off a chemical reaction . These are like the lock and key to make the reactions work and breakdown the carbohydrates . Enzymes bind the substrates within the clefts of the active site; active sites have special chemicals located specifically to break down very specific substances (“Enzymes”) . According to GALE , enzymes have a high catalytic power, high substrate specifity, and are generally more active in hypertonic solutions with mild temperatures and neutral pH . Lactase is an enzyme that chemically breaks down the sugar,
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This note was uploaded on 09/14/2011 for the course ECON 102 taught by Professor Calvin during the Spring '11 term at Oxford Brookes.

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Science Print - Vamsi Reddy Page 1 Breaking it down with...

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