CJS 200 - The Prison System

CJS 200 - The Prison System - The Prison System 1 The...

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The Prison System 1 The Prison System August 16, 2009 University of Phoenix
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The Prison System 2 The Great Penitentiary Rivalry began in the early nineteenth century when states became determined to solve the crisis with the overcrowding of the current penitentiaries. This rivalry involved the two states of New York and Pennsylvania. Each of these states was strong-minded in regards to repairing the problem with the overfilling of the penitentiaries (CJIA, 314). Pennsylvania was in belief that silence was the key to punishment. When building their penitentiaries, they built cells back-to-back and kept inmates separate at all times. The inmates on had human contact when it came to religious practices, clergyman visits, and prison staff. This was labeled as separate confinement. New York’s system focused more on compliance. They chose a method known as a congregate system. This system kept inmates separated at night, but they were able to both eat and work together, but must complete these in silence. The prison guards were responsible for enforcing this rule of silence. There are three types of prisons that are used in the prison system as of today. These are classified as minimum security, medium security, and
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CJS 200 - The Prison System - The Prison System 1 The...

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