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The Legislative Process in Congress

The Legislative Process in Congress - The Legislative...

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The Legislative Process in Congress 109 th Congress (2005-07) o 10,703 measures were introduced o 396 passed into law (3.6%) How are ideas for Legislation Generated o Ideas for legislation are generated by many sources Executive branch Interest groups Constituents Academic community Think tanks Bills in Congress o A bill is the form used for most legislation, whether permanent or temporary, general or special, public or private. o A bill originating in House of Reps is designated by the letters “H.R.” followed by a number that it retains throughout all its parliamentary stages; Senates “S” o When you first introduce a bill you send out A Dear Colleague Letter (written by bill’s main sponsors to try encouraging other members to support the measure) o Referral Process Bill is assigned its legislative number by the Clerk and referred to the appropriate committee by the speaker, w/ the assistance of the Parliamentarian Most bill never make it past this initial determination Committee Hearings
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o Usually first step in this process is a public hearing, where the committee members/ subcommittee members hear witnesses representing various viewpoints on the measure o Committee Mark Ups After hearings are completed, the bill is considered in a session that is popularly known as the “mark-up” session; members of committee study the viewpoints presented in detail; amendments may be offered to the bill and the committee members vote to accept or reject these changes Trying to get majority support, if doesn’t then its done Committee Action o If committee votes to report a bill, the Committee Report is written o Describes purpose and scope of the measure and reasons for recommended approval o What if a committee refuses to report a popular bill?
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  • Spring '08
  • overby
  • United States Senate, United States House of Representatives, Parliamentary procedure, unanimous consent agreement, Congressional caucus

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The Legislative Process in Congress - The Legislative...

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