FinalExamOutline

FinalExamOutline - GEOL 1050 Planet Earth Sciences Prof. K....

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GEOL 1050 – Planet Earth Sciences Prof. K. Rogers, Fall 2010 Final Exam Outline Chapter 1 – Why we study the Earth 1. Introduction to Planet Earth a. 2. Natural resources a. Renewable vs. non-renewable b. Resources vs. reserves c. Energy as a resource i. History of energy use ii. Fossil and alternative fuels d. Raw Material Resources i. ii. Non-ore resources iii. Mining in Missouri e. Water as a resource i. Water distribution and use f. Soils as a resource 3. Natural Hazards a. Hazard vs. risk b. Hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, bolides 4. Humans and Global Change a. Acid rain b. Stratospheric ozone hole c. Global warming Chapter 2 – How we study the Earth 1. The Scientific Method a. Parts and requirements of the scientific method b. Scientific hypotheses, theories, models 2. The Geologic record 1
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GEOL 1050 – Planet Earth Sciences Prof. K. Rogers, Fall 2010 Final Exam Outline a. Principle of Uniformitarianism 3. Earth shape and surface 4. Discovery of a layered Earth Sciences a. Four layers: crust, mantle, outer core, inner core b. c. Seismic waves 5. The Earth System a. Interacting spheres: atmosphere, cryosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, lithosphere, asthenosphere, deep mantle, outer core, inner core b. The Climate System c. The Plate Tectonic System d. The Geodynamo System 6. Overview of Geologic Time a. Age of the Earth b. Age of the moon c. Earth’s oldest rocks d. First known fossils e. Rise of oxygen f. Evolution of complex life g. First animals h. Cambrian explosion i. Mass extinctions j. k. Appearance of first hominids l. Appearance of Homo sapiens Chapter 9 (part 1) – Origin of the Earth and Solar System 1. Origin of the solar system a. The nebular hypothesis 2
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GEOL 1050 – Planet Earth Sciences Prof. K. Rogers, Fall 2010 Final Exam Outline b. Formation of the sun c. Formation of the planets, inner and outer planets 2. Earth formation a. Planetesimals a. Differentiation b. Moon forming impact c. Forming Earth’s atmosphere 3. Dating planetary surfaces a. Cratering and crater counts b. The Late Heavy Bombardment 4. Touring the planets a. Mercury b. Venus c. Mars Chapter 8 – Timing the Geologic Record 1. Relative Dating a. Principles of Stratigraphy i. Original horizontality ii. Superposition iii. Faunal succession b. Unconformities and Cross cutting relationships c. Relative dating the geological time scale i. Eras, periods, epochs ii. Extinctions 2. Absolute Ages a. Radioactive clocks i. Atomic structure ii. Radioactive decay 3
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FinalExamOutline - GEOL 1050 Planet Earth Sciences Prof. K....

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