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Lecture Notes - Ethos appeal to authority Pathos appeal to...

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08/30 Note: Review: Argument is a series of sentences. Sentences = declarative sentences (true or false) Two important things of argument: (1) consisting of premises and a conclusion (what is a conclusion of an argument may be  a premise of other arguments) (2) Premises and the conclusion need to be connected properly (two types of connection:  deductively valid and non-deductively valid) Rhetoric vs. Philosophical Argument Aristotle’s rule of rhetoric (not in textbook)
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Unformatted text preview: Ethos: appeal to authority Pathos: appeal to emotion Logos: appeal to reason (philosophical arguments deal only with Logos) Ethos Ex. Nike (This is a bad argument, though not all instance of Ethos are bad). Problem: people may appeal to different authorities. Pathos (not all are bad, but a lot of them are) Problem: contingent upon time, people Logos Demonstration: No perceptual belief is certain (certain = indubitable = beyond doubt)...
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