Biocultural Adaptations table

Biocultural Adaptations table - Environment Solar UV...

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Environment Solar UV radiation Heat Cold High Altitude Overcrowding Disease Regions Stress factors Biological Sweating, Vasodilation Increase baseline amount of melanin Greater, faster, melanin response Cultural Circumequitorial (Deserts, Tropical Rain Forests), Mountains, Polar regions Circumequitorial, temperate regions, Pacific Islands Artic circle, extreme northern and southern hemispheres (canada, argentina, japan, Northern China, Korea, Nocturnal desert and high altitude environments Andes (Ecuador, Peru,), Himalayas in Tibet, Mexico city, Denver minimum space requirements set by the US prison department is 38sqft/person Over Exposure: Sunburn, dehydration, Wrinkles, skin cancer--Underexposure: Vitamin D deficiency (rickets) Temperature extremes( to 100 degrees F, Humidity extremes, Increased solar UV radiation, Decreased Biological Productivity (low water levels) Temperature extremes (to -50 F), Wind shills up to 70mph, dropping temps to -100F, Snow blindness and optical problems, low biological productivity, no trees, few plants and animals, intense UV light Hypoxia (low barometric pressure and partial pressures)-- cold stress (to -27F) decreased humidity, Increased solar radiation, decreased Bio activity Increased population density, reduced personal space, incresed stress, increased spread of infectious disease, decreased amount of high preference food climatic and environmental extremes(hot,cold,high alt, pollution), Biotic components( viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi, poisonous plants, insects), Nutritional Deficiencies (iodine, protein, viatmins), Individual problems( genetic disorders (failure to develop, grow, or metabolize certain
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