1 - Approaches to Lifespan Development Physical development...

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Approaches to Lifespan Development Physical development Cognitive development Personality development Social development Age Ranges Prenatal period- conception to birth Infancy & toddlerhood- birth to age 3 Preschool period- ages 3 to 6 Middle childhood- ages 6 to 12 Adolescence- ages 12 to 20 Young adulthood- ages 20-40 Middle adulthood- ages 40-65 Late adulthood- ages 65 to death ** Social construction - a shared notion of reality widely accepted but is a function of society and culture at a given time. **just an average of periods of time when ages go through certain changes. Race - biological concept based on physical characteristic Ethnicity - referred to cultural background, nationality, religion, and language Cohort - a group of people born at the same time in the same place Cohort effect History-graded influences - biological and environmental influences associated with a  particular  historical moment . EXAMPLE: ppl who lived in New York at 9/11
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- any particular age group. EXAMPLE: menopause, puberty Sociocultural-graded influences - depending on factors such as ethnicity, social class.  EXAMPLE: white children opposed to minorities living in poverty ** Continuous change-  gradual development when achievements at one level build on those  of previous levels.   ** Discontinuous change-  development that occurs in distinct steps or stages, each stage  brings a different behavior than a behavior at an earlier stage Critical period- a SPECIFIC  time during development when a particular event has a greater  consequence, the presence of certain kinds of environmental stimuli is necessary for  development to proceed normally produces permanency,  EXAMPLE: the first trimester of a  pregnancy is the critical period brings permanent change Sensitive periods - a point in development when organisms are liable to be harmed to certain  kinds of stimuli in their environments,  but the absence of those stimuli does not always  produce irreversible consequences  CHILDREN ARE SENSATIVE TO ENVIOMENTAL  INFLUENCES but later experiences overcome the deficits. Developmental growth and change occurs throughout the whole lifespan,  not just one period of development.  To fully understand the social influences on people at a given age, you  have to know who the people are that providing that influence. SUCH AS  FAMILY MEMBERS, PARENTS, OR TEACHERS DURING THEIR LIFE. WITH AGE PEOPLE GAIN AS THEY GET OLDER AND CERTAIN THINGS LIKE MEMORY 
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1 - Approaches to Lifespan Development Physical development...

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