IHP_501_Final_Project_One_Milestone_One - IHP 501 Final...

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IHP 501 Final Project One Milestone One1IHP 501 Final Project One Milestone OneEric StaudterSouthern New Hampshire UniversityIntroductionPurposeThe purpose of the following country profile of Italy is to examine the impact of economics, culture, and social factors on population health as well as analyze three health issues in the country. Italy was selected because 21.4% of the people are over the age of 65, 20% of adults are smokers (Donatini), and because of how it was affected by the coronavirus pandemic. As of April 16th 2020 there are 105,418 active cases of the virus (Italy, 2020). It will be
IHP 501 Final Project One Milestone One2interesting to take a closer look at how this country with universal coverage cares for its aging population when many of them engage in health risk behaviors. DetailsIn 1978 the current healthcare system of Italy was set up. It is called the Italian National Health Service and it believes in focusing on universal coverage, solidarity, human dignity, and health needs (Donatini). In Italy, there are 19 regions and two autonomous provinces that are responsible for organizing and delivering health services through local health units (Donatini). The central government controls the flow of tax money towards publicly financed healthcare anddetermines what the minimum benefits package is necessary to achieve essential levels of care for citizens of each region. One challenge the healthcare system faces is ensuring healthcare equity across all of the regions; gaps in service provision and health system performance persist (Ferre et al., 2014).Italy has a population of about 60.8 million, 21.4% of it being made up by adults over theage of 65 (Donatini). A large portion of adults in Italy also reported being smokers as mentioned before. Interestingly enough, as of 2011, in Europe, Italy had the second highest average life expectancy, reaching 79.4 years for men and 84.5 years for women (2014). There are some regional differences between the north and south in most health indicators. This shows that there are some underlying social imbalances between Northern Italy and Southern Italy (2014). The population of Italy mainly deals with circulatory diseases, cancer, and respiratory diseases (2014).

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