STUDY%20GUIDE%20FOR%20THAR%20281%20TEST%20ONE%20Intro%20and%20Chapter%209

STUDY%20GUIDE%20FOR%20THAR%20281%20TEST%20ONE%20Intro%20and%20Chapter%209

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STUDY GUIDE FOR THAR 281 TEST ONE – Introduction (not in the textbook) and Chapter 9 WHAT IS THEATRE Terms to Know! Language of Intelligibility (De Certeau) We as humans try to make unfamiliar concepts speak to us in a language we understand. We tend to make things new or foreign intelligible to us. KEEP THIS IN CHECK! Let the past be strange and foreign! Historiography The study of the writing of history, the arrangement of historical records THERE IS NOT ONE WAY OF LOOKING AT THINGS Gnothi Sauton – “Know Thyself” Theatre reflects society Origins of Theatre Mimetic Instinct Theory Mimesis = Imitation/Representation o Embodiment of an action (which took place elsewhere) o Representation of setting o Separation of performer and audience o Stems from learned behavior, children’s play o There is pleasure through recognition Ritual Theory Late 19 th and early 20 th century anthropology o Binary of civilization and the primitive world o Primitive causality – appeal to powers that control the natural world (Cause and effect of one’s actions; for example, a rain dance causes rain) o Actions formalized into ritual, which become more elaborate and sophisticated, until they were valued for their beauty rather than their effect. Ritual becomes Art. Definition of Theatre Embodiment of an action Without embodiment, storytelling Separation of performer and audience Agreement between the two Doesn’t exist until performed, transitory and immediate – moves through time Subject matter always human beings
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REVIEW OF EARLY THEATRE Dramatic Structures Story/Plot Dramatic Action The movement of opposing forces toward a resolution – hero’s death and/or villain’s defeat. Conflict is always present Climactic Structure o The plot begins late in the story o Scenes, locales, and characters are limited o Construction is tight Episodic Structure o People, places, and events proliferate o There may be a parallel plot or subplot o Juxtaposition and contrast occur
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STUDY%20GUIDE%20FOR%20THAR%20281%20TEST%20ONE%20Intro%20and%20Chapter%209

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