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MetricSystem - The Metric System The metric system is a...

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Math 2023 1 The Metric System The metric system is a system of __________________ units. The metric system or _____________ ____________________ (SI) is the measurement system used by most of the world ____________ the _______. It is based on a decimal (__________ _____) system. The basic unit of length in the metric system is the _______________ ( ), the basic unit of volume is the ___________ ( ). The basic unit of mass is the ______________ ( ), but the standard unit is kilogram (kg). Unit Abbreviation In Meters Equation millimeter mm 1000 1 m centimeter 100 cm = 1 m decimeter dm 10 1 m meter m 1 m dam 10 m 10 1 dam = 1 m hectometer hm 100 1 hm = 1 m km 1000 m 1000 1 km = 1 m Prefix Power of 10 atto-- 10 –18 femto- 10 –15 pico- 10 –12 nano- 10 –9 micro- 10 –6 milli- centi- deci- Basic Unit deka- hecto- kilo- mega- 10 6 giga- 10 9 tera- 10 12 peta- 10 15 exa- 10 18 Measures of Common Items Can of soda: _______ mL Box of crackers: _______ g Adult male: ______ kg (154 lbs)
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Math 2023 2 How to Read a Metric Ruler The longer lines with numbers are centimeters and the smallest lines are millimeters. Remember that millimeters are _____________ of a centimeter. If you measure an item and it is 7 marks after one centimeter, then it is 1.7 centimeters long or 10 + 7 = 17 millimeters long.
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