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chp1Egypt - Egypt Egypts population lived in 5 of its...

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Egypt’s population lived in 5% of its territory along the Nile. Egypt
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Egypt- The Gift of the Nile A single divine ruler Language Common Beliefs Annual floods, the granary of the Ancient World deserts isolated them
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Ca. 3100 BCE Narmer(Menes) united Upper and Lower Egypt under one ruler.
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Three main periods separated by the breakdown in centralized rule and later reunification
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Old Kingdom – 2700-2185 centralized power broke down  After a period of civil unrest:                          The Middle Kingdom 2050-1800        A new dynasty moved the capital to Thebes       At the end of the period Egypt was invaded       by chariot driving Hyksos from the East
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The New Kingdom 1552-1079 BCE Militaristic pharaohs eliminated the Hyksos Extended their power into Libya, Nubia, Palestine and Syria Where they met the  Hittites moving into Syria
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They wrote the world’s first recorded peace treaty  1450-1274 BCE they were military rivals 
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The Rosetta Stone the same text in Egyptian and Greek scripts.
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