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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 - Introduction to Biology Biology is the scientific study of living things How do you define living things Energy processing Growth and development Reproduction Order Regulation Response to the environment Evolutionary adaptation How do we organize the diversity of life? 1.8 million described species At least 1 million species of insects Estimated that there are actually between 10 and 100 million species Taxonomy is the branch of biology that names and classifies species according to a system of broader and broader groups Domain Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genius Species Theme 1: Cells are an organisms basic units of structure and function The cell is the lowest level of organization that can perform all activities required for life Theme 2: Structure and function are correlated at all levels of biological organization How a device works is correlated with its structure - form fits function. Analyzing a biological structure gives us clues about what it does and how it works. Alternatively, knowing the function of a structure provides insight into its construction....
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