bio Chapter_6-2 - Chapter 6-2: Tour of the Cell...

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Chapter 6-2: Tour of the Cell Mitochondria Found in nearly all eukaryotic cells (including plant cells) Usually 100’s or 1000’s per cell The number depends on the type of cell and its energy needs Conducts cellular respiration Convert sugars, fats, and proteins into energy the cell can use (ATP) Called the cell’s powerhouse Has 2 phospholipid bilayer membranes to separate it from the cystoplasm The outer layer is smooth Inner layer is convoluted and folded Unique properties of mitochondria Can move within the cell Has its own DNA Can reproduce independently from the cell Have their own ribosomes and can make their own proteins Chloroplasts Found only in photosynthetic eukaryotic cells Have chlorophyll (green pigment) Conduct photosynthesis Use solar energy to create organic compounds (glucose) Chloroplasts have 3 (occasionally 4) membranes enclosing them Intermembrane space separates the inner and outer membranes
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This note was uploaded on 09/18/2011 for the course BIOL 1301 taught by Professor Harden during the Spring '11 term at Lone Star College.

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bio Chapter_6-2 - Chapter 6-2: Tour of the Cell...

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